Based on science, there are three main types of Autism: pervasive developmental disorder, Asperger syndrome, and autistic disorder. Autism can also be termed as ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). Autism is a developmental disorder that’s characterized by difficulty in communication and social interaction. A person suffering from Autism will have repetitive or restricted behavior and patterns of thinking. In addition, the brain of an autistic patient function differently. ASD can either be a disability or a minor problem. According to studies, individuals with ASD will face challenges in learning, although they might be good at problem-solving or analysis.
Causes of Autism
There are several factors that can cause ASD, according to scientific research. Below are the main causes of Autism.
– Exposure to environmental toxins and heavy metals
– Genetic mutations
– Family history
– Metabolic imbalances
– Viral infection in your family line
– Less birth weight
– Fatal exposure to thalidomide or valproic acid medications
– Genetic disorders, such as fragile X syndrome
Based on research, environment and genetics are the key factors determining if you’re going to develop Autism. Note that Autism can’t be caused by vaccines, as many people might think.
Signs of Autism
– Being anxious, especially in social situations
– Seeming rude, not interested, or blunt when it comes to other people’s opinions
– Avoiding friendships
– Having challenges in understanding other peoples’ feeling or thinking
– Inability to expose your feeling
– Sticking on a certain routine
– Noticing sounds, patterns, smells, and small details that others don’t recognize
– Being more careful in planning your things
– Avoiding eye contact
– Having an interest in certain activities or subjects.
Tests For ASD Diagnosis
Most children undergo autism screening at the age of eighteen months. This important because you’ll detect Autism early, thus improving the efficiency of treatment. In addition, screening children will help identify those that have a higher risk of developing Autism.
Other tests and screening include occupational therapy screening, DNA testing, developmental questionnaires, audio and visual tests, and behavioral evaluation.
Autism can be treated through several therapies, such as speech therapy, behavioral therapy, occupational therapy, play therapy, and physical therapy. In addition, meditation techniques and massages are important in inducing relaxing effects.